Pedagogical Heritage

Mr. S. Luvsan, who is one of the Mongolian senor diplomats, had written about himself that he learned alphabets by Noyon Khutugt Danzanravjaa’s manual and then also red His Holiness’ creation “The Tale of paper bird that which reveals the nature of Time” as a reading textbook in his own life memorial book “The Way of Life”.

Almost all elder generations wrote that right after learning alphabets they red “Chingis Khaan’s Story”, “The Tale of paper bird that which reveals the nature of Time” in their recollection books. So, we can consider this as it was due to His Holiness Danzanravjaa’s school tradition.
Noyon Khutugt Danzanravjaa had established a school called “Children Gompa” at the Khamar Monastery in 1820s. That school was greatly differed from other schools in the other parts of Mongolia by its non discrimination of gender for education.
School teachers were both ordained and lay ones.
Main subjects of this school were (1) Classical Mongolian Scripts; (2) History; (3) General Guide on the Physical and Organic World; (4)Moral teachings, etc. Some of textbooks, which were used in this school, are preserved in Danzanravjaa Museum at present time. For examples:
1. Dictionary of Physical and Organic World. This textbook consists of eight pages and served for giving children a knowledge about the world, nature and animals at the time being.
2. School kids of His Holiness were learning both Tibetan and Mongolian languages. There was a definite requirement for learning both of them, because the manuscript of “The Story of Moon Cuckoo” was written in both languages. For this reason, “The Tale of paper bird that which reveals the nature of Time”, which is deliberately written in Tibetan scripts, textbook /as a reading material/ was created.
3. Noyon Khutugt Danzanravjaa himself written a little book called “Introduction to reminding and teaching about a way of worldly life” in order to literate children in Classical Mongolian Scripts. This was table book for every child.
4. In order to read and understand those required textbooks and treatises one must have knowledge of Tibetan and Lanz scripts, and therefore the manual on Lanz Scripts was created.
His Holiness had written in his creation, that which was for Children and youths, namely “Pacifier of Mind” as:
“It’s excellent if there is no clouds when sunlight is reaching its zenith
It’s excellent if there is no laziness when yourth is learning dharma…” and it was as an appeal to learn dharma teachings and also other relevant subjects.
The Children Gompa of Khamar Monastery was not only for educating a limited number of children but also it was as a key for him to educate the entire society at that time, and therefore it had an important significance.

part of
Mongolia Web